2013 proved to be an exceptional year for science, and the following scientific discoveries are the best science had to offer.
King Richard III’s remains
Although the discovery of the famous monarch’s skeleton was made in late 2012, scientists were able to confirm in February 2013 that the remains they found did indeed belong to Kind Richard III.
The English monarch, according to historical evidence, died on the battlefield, fighting the Battle of Bosworth in the year 1485. The monarch was 32 at the time. After his death, he was buried without any official gravestone or marker, around 20 miles from the battlefield, by friars. Many years on, a parking lot was built over the famous Monarch’s clandestine grave.
However, scientists, with the help of skeletal evidence, mitochondrial DNA matches, radiocarbon dating and archeologists, concluded that the remains were that of King Richard III.
Miniscule Li-Ion battery
Harvard University has done it again, this time creating a Li-ion battery so small that it can balance on a pin if you put it on the head. The first of its kind, the battery paves way for miniscule robots and devices, as it can be used in them as an efficient power source. Scientists at Harvard University were able to accomplish this feat using a 3D printer, using it to print the Li-ion battery.
Even smaller than a millimeter, the battery can store just as much energy per gram as full-sized Li-ion batteries which are traditionally used in laptops etc.
In Australia, 2013 proved to be a very innovative year for science, as Australian researchers and engineers came up with the first ever Bionic Eye the world has ever had. The Bionic Eye has been developed for all those individuals who are blind in the legal context, and cannot even make outlines of their surroundings.
The technology works by implanting a chip at the back of the brain of individuals who opt for it, which cooperates with a sensor installed on a pair of glasses. The sensor transmits whatever is being seen through the camera which is installed at the center of the glasses to the chip. The chip then sends necessary electrical signals to the ‘vision’ part of the brain, portraying outlines of the reality in front of the wearer.
Voyager 1 entered Interstellar space
Though this magnificent peace of space-adventurer was launched in 1977 for space missions, it was not until 2013 that scientists became absolutely certain the spacecraft had entered the interstellar space, thereby rendering the operation initiated by NASA successful. According to NASA scientists, the spacecraft had entered Interstellar space by the end of 2012. The Voyager 1 took over 36 years to build.
Higgs Boson particle has been confirmed
Existence of the Higgs Boson particle was confirmed in the year 2013 after extraordinary research done by scientists from various fields. The particle was theorized to exist in 1964 by Peter Higgs, a British physicist. The confirmation of the existence of the Higgs bosons paves way for better explanations through scientific research of how the universe works.